have=arimasu (nonliving) or imasu (living) depending on whether subject is nonliving/living
Don't have = arimasen / imasen
watashi wa kuruma ga arimasen =i don't have a car
anata wa ie ga arimasuka? =Do you have a house?
hai, arimasu= Yes, I have
Pooja san wa kodomo ga imasen = Miss Pooja don't have a child.
Note: in japanese, Mr/Miss/Mrs prefixes are all indicated by common suffix: san rajiv san = mr rajiv pooja san = miss pooja
'sen' ending is common characteristic of negative ('not' form) of verbs.
To make questions, change arimasen/imasen to arimasenka?/imasenka?
You don't have an eraser, isn't it? = anata wa keshigomu ga arimasenka?
Miss Neha doesn't have a child, isn't it? Neha san wa kodomo ga arimasenka?
Verbs are more like arimasu/imasu, all have typycal 'masu' ending.
To go= ikimasu
to do = shimasu
to drink= nomimasu
to sleep =nemasu
You can see all verbs have 'masu' ending in plain form.
To make questions, simply change 'masu' form to 'masuka?'
To make negative forms, change 'masu' to 'masen'
Lets learn usage of 'ikimasu' and 'kaerimasu'
normally article before ikimasu/kaerimasu will be 'e' (pronounce it like alphabet 'A')
learn: where = doko, when=itsu
anata wa doko e ikimasuka? = where are you going?
watashi wa gakko e ikimasu. = i am going to school (=gakko)
Felix san wa itsu sooppa e ikimasuka? = when is Mr felix going to super market (=sooppa)?
Kare wa kyou ikimasu. = He is going on today (kyou)
Note: kare also means 'he' and 'kanojo' also means 'she' other than boy friend/girl friend.
Ex: kyou kanojo wa daigakku e ikimasen = today she won't go to university.
kyou okasan uchi e kaerimasen = Today mother will not be returning back home.
last week=sen shu, last month =sen getsu
this week =kon shu, this month=kon getsu
next week=rai shu, next month= rai getsu
everyday =mai nichi
everymonth=mai tsuki (tsuki = month/ moon)
everyweek = mai shu
ex: watashi wa mainichi uchi e kaerimasu = i go back home everyday.
anata wa raishu eigakan e ikimasuka? = are you going to cinema theater (eigakan) next week?
Translate the following:
1. Where is the teacher going?
2. He is going to America (use he= 'sensei'. 'kare' is not that respectful )
3. When is he returning?
4.He will return on next week.
5. Teacher will not return tomorrow.
6. When will you sleep everyday?
7. Are you going to india (indo) next month?
8. No, I am not going.