Expressions, Present tense, Present Negative, Article 'no'
I suggest you to have a note book for our lessons. Write down: "watashi no hihongo no hon", my japanese book! Lets learn right away from the greetings:
ohayou gozaimasu = Good morning
oyasumi nasai=good night
arigatou gozaimasu=thank you
gomen nasai= sorry
o'genki desuka? = How are you?
When you answer, say: okagesamade genki desu = with god's grace, i am fine.
o'namae wa? = what is your name?
watashi wa pranavi desu = my name is pranavi
watashi = I
Wa is an article and Desu is like hindi "hein", used with present simple tense.
Lets now see the sentence structures:
this = kore (pronounced as KorE, with E' ending, not KOR)
that = are (arE)
pasakon = personal computer
empitsu = pencil
kore wa pasakon desu = this is a personal computer
are wa empitsu desu = that is a pencil
Translate following to English:
1. watashi wa Felix desu
2. are wa kuruma desu
3. kore wa tokkei desu
Translate to Japanese:
1. That is a television
2. This is a table
3. That is a mobile phone
kuruma = car
tokkei = clock / watch
terebi = television
keitai denwa = mobile phone
kore wa watashi no kuruma desu = this is MY car
"watashi no" means MY and watashi means I; anata= you, anata no=your
are wa anata no kaban desu = that is your bag (kaban=bag)
I will now tell you how to make questions:
kore wa empitsu desuka?
Is this a pencil?
Look, desu ending has changed to desuka , to make questions.
are wa kuruma desuka? = is that a car?
well,i will now tell you how to make negative sentences:
kore wa empitsu desuka? = is this a pencil?
iie, kore wa empitsu ja arimasen = No, this is not a pencil
are wa kuruma desuka?
iie, are wa kuruma ja arimasen = No, that is not a car.
change desu to ja arimasen to make negative.
iie means NO, and to be used with YES or NO questions. YES = hai.
Now quiz 2: (translate to japanese)
1. Is this a table?
2. Is that a cat?
3 Is this your bag?
4. No, this is not my bag
5 Is that your house?
6 Yes, that is my house
7 That is not a tiger
8. This is not my shoe
cat = neko
house = ie
tiger = tora
shoe = kutsu
send me the answers! Between, try to by-heart 1 - 10 numbers in Nihongo